12 Warning Signs of Sweepstakes Scams
How to Recognize and Avoid Prize Scams
Winning a fabulous sweepstakes prize is a dream come true. However, that dream can quickly turn into a nightmare what you think is a legitimate win notification turns out to be a sweepstakes scam. So it's vital to know the warning signs of scams before you respond to any potential win.
The consequences of falling for sweepstakes scams can be severe. With bad luck, you could lose money, be harassed by con men, and even be added to lists of easy targets, making you more likely to be scammed again.
On the other hand, you don't want to miss out on any real wins. There are some common aspects of claiming prizes that might seem unusual, but are actually commonplace and legitimate. Read about some Unsettling Things that Aren't Signs of Scams for more information.
Sweepstakes Scams Want You to Pay to Receive the Prize
Does your notification ask you to pay money for any reason? If so, you're almost certainly dealing with a scam.
Legitimate sweepstakes will never ask you to pay fees to participate or to receive a prize. You should never have to pay sweepstakes taxes, handling charges, service fees, customs fees, or any other kind of charges up front to receive anything you've won.
Sweepstakes taxes are paid directly to the IRS along with your regular tax return, except for rare exceptions such as paying for port fees or hotel taxes. Anyone who asks you to pay taxes on prizes directly to them is running a scam.
Sweepstakes Scams Use Free E-mail Accounts
If you receive a win notification by email, check the email address that sent the notification. A notification that is sent from a free email address like Gmail or Yahoo Mail is a warning sign of a scam.
Some small companies might legitimately notify winners from a free email address. But if you receive a win notice claiming to be from a big company like Publishers Clearing House or Microsoft, but the email arrived from a free account, you can be sure that you are working with a sweepstakes scam.
Also, be wary of email addresses that look close to, but not the same as, those from official companies. Like "email@example.com" might look OK until you notice that the official company has an "s" after "publisher".
Sometimes scam artists will spoof the email address so that it looks like it's coming from a legitimate company, even when it's not. Here are tips on how to spot a phishing email.
Sweepstakes Scams Tell You You've Won Contests You Don't Remember Entering
The only sweepstakes you can win are the sweepstakes you've entered. If you receive a win notification from a giveaway that you don't remember entering, it's a red flag.
Now, maybe you did enter and forgot, or maybe you entered through an easily-overlooked method like scanning your grocery store club card. But before you respond, take a moment to do some additional research.
If you organize your sweepstakes entries with folders, you can easily check to make sure that you actually entered that giveaway.
Another way of verifying that your prize win is legitimate and not a scam is to look up the telephone number for the sweepstake sponsor, then call and verify your winnings.
Do not use a telephone number given in your suspicious win notification unless you can verify that it is legitimate from another source like a phone book.
Sweepstakes Scams Send You a Large Check with Your Win Notice
If your win notification actually comes with a check to cover your prize, it's a sure sign that you've won, right? Wrong. If the check is worth more than $600, it's a sure sign that you're being scammed.
To fool people into thinking that a sweepstakes scam is legitimate, con artists send counterfeit checks along with their phony win notifications.
This is dangerous in more ways than one because cashing fraudulent checks is a crime. If you deposit that check, you could be liable for fines and even closure of your bank account, as well as losing any money you send to the scammers.
For more information, see Check Scams: What They Are, and How to Avoid Them.
Remember, legitimate sweepstakes require affidavits before sending out any prize valued above $600.
Sweepstakes Scams Instruct You to Wire Money
Does your win notification include instructions to wire cash to the sponsor? If so, run. Even in the few legitimate cases where you have to pay money to a sponsor, you would not be required to use a wire service.
Criminals use services like Western Union to receive illicit funds because it is nearly impossible to trace who received the money.
Western Union transfers are handled like cash, meaning that the con artists can simply pick it up and disappear. You can say goodbye to any money you sent.
A new twist on this sweepstakes scam signal: con artists are now asking their victims to buy money pack cards from retailers like Walmart.
These cards let you transfer money by simply reading out their numbers, and once you've done it, there's little to no chance of getting your money back.
Sweepstakes Scams Pressure You to Act in a Hurry
Does your win notification pressure you to respond quickly before you lose your chance to claim your prize? If so, proceed carefully.
Sweepstakes scammers have a good reason for wanting you to act quickly: they want to ensure that they receive their money before their check bounces or you read an article like this one and realize that you are being defrauded.
Now, in some legitimate cases, a sponsor might need a quick answer. For example, if the prize includes tickets for a concert that weekend, they might need you to claim the prize quickly.
But you should always have at least a few hours to investigate the notification. If there is no good reason for a rush to accept a prize, then it's probably a sweepstakes scam.
Sweepstakes Scams Ask for Bank or Credit Card Info to Receive Your Prize
Do you have to verify your bank account number or credit card number to get your prize? This is a clear sign of a sweepstakes scam.
Legitimate sweepstakes do not send wins by direct deposit, nor do they need to withdraw money from your bank or verify information using your credit card number. The only sensitive information that a legitimate sweepstakes sponsor needs to process your win is a social security number.
Asking for a bank account or credit card number is a huge red flag that you are dealing with a sweepstakes scam, and you should never hand over this information.
The "Win" is From a Lottery (Especially a Foreign Lottery)
Did you receive a notification that you have won a prize in a lottery? Perhaps the Microsoft Lottery, the Heineken Lottery, or Euromillions? If so, don't get too excited, this is almost certainly a scam.
It's impossible to win a lottery without buying a ticket. Even if you did buy tickets, the lottery wouldn't call or email you. You'd have to find the winning numbers in a newspaper, the internet, or on TV and compare them to your ticket.
Win notices from foreign lotteries are even more suspicious. Not only do foreign lotteries have the same restriction as domestic lotteries, but it is also illegal to sell tickets for foreign lotteries across international borders.
Therefore, unless you were actually in a foreign country and bought a lottery ticket, foreign lottery notifications are frauds.
Sweepstakes Scams Don't Know Your Name or Other Info
Does your win notification address you by a generic title like "Dear Winner"? If so, this is a strong warning sign.
Many sweepstakes scams send thousands upon thousands of fake mails or emails to every address they can get their hands on, often without knowing the names of the people they're contacting.
On the other hand, legitimate sweepstakes have your entry information. Most of the time, this includes your name, which they'd then use to contactt you.
Sweepstakes Scams Pose As Government Organizations
To appear more legitimate, some sweepstakes scams pretend to come from government organizations such as the FTC or the "National Sweepstakes Board" (which doesn't actually exist).
Real sweepstakes sponsors send their win notifications directly to the winners. Government organizations are not involved in awarding sweepstakes prizes, nor do federal marshals hand out the prizes.
If you're not dealing directly with a company sponsoring or administrating the giveaway, you are being scammed.
Sweepstakes Scam Notifications Arrive by Bulk Mail
Take a look at the envelope that contained your win notification. Does it have first-class postage? If not, that's a bad sign.
When legitimate sweepstakes sponsors send out win notifications, they use first class postage or services such as FedEx or UPS to deliver them.
Sweepstakes scam artists, on the other hand, want to target the most people at the least cost in order to keep their profits high. They lower their costs by using bulk mail for their mailings.
Any win notification that arrives by bulk mail should be treated with a great deal of suspicion.
Sweepstakes Scams Contain Many Typos
Scan your win notification. Do you notice a lot of bad grammar, missing words, or spelling mistakes? These are red flags for a scam.
Any company could make a minor mistake when typing out a win notification. However, multiple or glaring errors are a bad sign.
Many sweepstakes scams originate outside of the United States and Canada, and the people who write the scams may not be native English speakers.
Be very cautious of any win notices that have a lot of errors, use strange or stilted language, and otherwise sound "off."